Explaining the

Prophecy of Daniel 11

2500 years of history: from the time of the
Persian Empire through to the modern
world we live in today

The prophecy of Daniel 11 is perhaps one of the most amazing prophecies contained within the Bible.

It records the acts of the Persians kings following the times of Daniel and the almost continual on-going wars between the Ptolemy and the Seleucus Empires after the days of Alexander the Great and a united Greece. It takes the reader right into the intrigue of the courts of these kingdoms showing in fine detail the actions of those in power from the times of the Greeks, the Romans, and right up to the events that we are witnessing in the world today.

 Daniel 11

 Comments / fulfilled in History

 Development of the Grecian Power

 v1

Also I in the first year of Darius the Mede, even I, stood to confirm and to strengthen him.

This sets the time when the prophecy was recorded – being 539/538 BC, and presents us Daniel as one standing by the side of the ruler, ready to assist him in the decisions that he had to make.

 v2

And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than they all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.

The details of this prophecy are truly amazing, describing the kings

Cambyses (529-522BC)

Smerdis (522 BC)

Darius Hystaspes (521-486 BC)

At this time the Kingdom of Persia was greater than at any other time, including Assyria, Babylon, Egypt, Persia & Anatolia.

The fourth King was Xerxes (486-465 BC), who was noted for his huge wealth – which funded his massive invasion of Greece.

 v3

And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.

This is a reference to Alexander the Great – who ruled from 336 to 323 BC. No other Greek ruler could be described in such a manner. cp Dan 2:39 & 7:6

 v4

And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.

Here we have a very specific description of what was to happen to the vast Kingdom that Alexander established.

Alexander was only 33 yrs old when he died, and his kingdom “burst asunder” with a series of civil war style battles occurring between his generals from 323 to 301 BC.

By 301 BC there were 4 major rulers

Seleucus Nicator - Syria, Babylonia, Media and Susiana, Armenia (a part of Cappadocia) and Cilicia. His kingdom, in name at least, extended from the Hellespont to the Indus.

Lysimachus - part of Thrace, Asia Minor, part of Cappadocia and the countries within the limits of Mt Taurus.

Cassander - Macedonia, Thessaly, and a part of Greece.

Ptolemy - Egypt, Cyprus and Cyrene, and ultimately Coelo-Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, and a part of Asia Minor and Thrace.

Alexander’s son was born after his death, but was murdered when he was 13 yrs old

Following Alexander’s death his brother, Philip Aridaeus, and his family were also killed

Conflict between the King of the South and the King of the North

 v5

And the king of the south shall be strong, and one of his princes; and he shall be strong above him, and have dominion; his dominion shall be a great dominion.

King of the north:- Seleucus (I) Nicator (312-281BC)

King of the south:- Ptolemy (I) Soter (323-285BC)

The designation of “King of the South” is in relation to the Holy Land – as that was the focal point for all of Daniel’s prophecies

The king of the south is Ptolemy Soter, who after battles at Gaza and Ipsus took control of the southern part of the Kingdom.

The “one of his princes” is Seleucus Nictor, who had taken refuge with Ptolemy, serving under him as an admiral in Ptolemy’s Mediterranean fleet.

 v6

And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times.

King of the north:- Antiochus (I) Soter (261-246BC) & Antiochus(ll)Theos (261-246BC)

King of the south:- Ptolemy (II) Philadelphus (285-246)
 

Originally the relationship between the king of the south and the king of the north had been reasonably peaceful.

From around 280BC frequent wars broke out, Especially between Ptolemy Philadelphus  and Antiochus Theos.

A peace was declared in 252 BC, with a marriage between Antiochus Theos and  Berenice, the daughter of Ptolemy Philadelphus. However this involved Theos putting away his previous wife – Laodice.

When Philadelphus died in 246BC, Theos put away Berenice, and recalled Laodice, who then killed Berenice and her son in order to secure the throne for her own son - Seleucus (II) Callinicus.

 v7

But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail:

King of the north:- Seleucus(ll) Callinicus (246-226BC)

King of the south:- Ptolemy (III) Euergetes (246-221BC)

Upon taking the throne, Ptolemy Euergetes invaded the territory of the king of the north to avenge the death of his sister.

From 245-244BC he conquered Syria, Cilicia, the upper parts beyond the Euphrates, and almost all Asia.

The word “deal” means to “make war”

 v8

And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north.

Hearing that a sedition was raised in Egypt,

requiring his return home, Ptolemy plundered the kingdom of Seleucus, took 40,000 talents of silver and precious vessels, and 2,400 images of the gods, among which were the images which Cambyses had formerly taken from Egypt.

Ptolemy (III) Euergetes reigned for approximately 4-5 yrs longer than Seleucus(ll) Callinicus

 v9

So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land.

Further victories for the king of the south

 v10

But his sons shall be stirred up , and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come , and overflow , and pass through : then shall he return , and be stirred up , even to his fortress.

King of the north:- Seleucus (III) Ceraunus (226-223BC) & Antiochus (III) the Great (223-187BC)

King of the south:- Ptolemy (IV) Philopator (221-205BC)

The sons of Seleucus Callinicus were Seleucus Ceraunus and Antiochus Magnus, who in turn took control of the army and invaded the south to avenge their father.

Seleucus Ceraunus was a weak and cowardly prince and was poisoned by two of his generals.

Antiochus Magnus takes control and has success against the area of Syria.

Returns to the fortress at Ptolemais

 v11

And the king of the south shall be moved with choler, and shall come forth and fight with him, even with the king of the north: and he shall set forth a great multitude; but the multitude shall be given into his hand.

Choler means “to be enraged”

Ptolemy Philopator moves against Antiochus Magnus with an army of 70,000 infantry, 5,000 cavalry, and 73 elephants to match Antiochus Magnus’s army of 62,000 infantry, 6,000 cavalry and 102 elephants.

In 218 BC in the battle fought at Raphia, near Gaza, Ptolemy gained the victory.

 The king of the north subdues Palestine

 v12

And when he hath taken away the multitude, his heart shall be lifted up; and he shall cast down many ten thousands: but he shall not be strengthened by it.

The multitude is that of Antiochus’ army, and instead of continuing against Antiochus and gaining a complete victory, he agreed on peace, and spent most of his time in feasting.

Through his foolish actions he caused his own subjects to rebel against him. This was especially seen in Jerusalem where he tried to enter the inner sanctuary, only to be restrained by the Jews. He threatened the whole nation of the Jews with extinction, and immediately commenced a terrible and relentless persecution.

He returned eventually to Egypt, and later died in about BC 203, and was succeeded by his son, Ptolemy Epiphanes, a child of about five years old.

 v13

For the king of the north shall return, and shall set forth a multitude greater than the former, and shall certainly come after certain years with a great army and with much riches.

King of the south:- Ptolemy (V) Epiphanes (205-180BC)

The young king of the south was initially under the guidance of a Roman guardian.

The king of the north resovled internal uprisings, and returns south with a well financed army.

In BC 198 the battle of Panias was engaged, in which Antiochus recovered his lost possessions of Coele-Syria and Palestine

 The king of the north extends his power

 v14

And in those times there shall many stand up against the king of the south: also the robbers of thy people shall exalt themselves to establish the vision; but they shall fall.

The king of the north was not the only problem facing the young king.

Parts of Egypt was disturbed with seditions, Philip, king of Macedonia entered into an agreement with Antiochus to divide the dominions of Ptolemy between them. Even General Scopus who commanded the Egyptian army tried to take advantage of the situation.

The “thy people” are the Jews. Remember this prophecy was given to Daniel – a Jew

The robbers of thy people is the Roman power, rising in influence in the west, an influence already seen in their role in Egypt where Three deputies were appointed by Rome to warn the kings against warring with the king of the south.

 v15

So the king of the north shall come, and cast up a mount, and take the most fenced cities: and the arms of the south shall not withstand, neither his chosen people, neither shall there be any strength to withstand.

The king of the north - Antiochus returned into the king of the south’s territory and vanquished the army of Egypt at Paneas, near Caesarea Philippi, then took Sidon and Patara.

The reference casting up a mount is to Sidon especially, which Antiochus took by casting up a mount against it.

Three generals were sent to assist Scopus who was entrenched at Sidon, but were unable to assist. Scopus eventually returned to Egypt.

 v16

But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed.

The glorious land is Israel.

The immediate consequence of the wars was extended desolation, as the conflicting armies ravaged the land through which they trod.

 v17

He shall also set his face to enter with the strength of his whole kingdom, and upright ones with him; thus shall he do: and he shall give him the daughter of women, corrupting her: but she shall not stand on his side, neither be for him.

Although Antiochus was determined to totally destroy the king of the south, he was temporally diverted because of wars in Asia minor and Greece as the Romans opposed him.

The “upright ones” is a reference to the Jews and the fact that they – of their own accord went over tohim" (Ant. Josephus, 12:3:3).

Because of the challenge from the Romans, Antiochus considered the benefits of uniting the Egyptians to himself so as to strengthen his hands against Rome. Thus, he proposed an alliance, by which he connected his own family with the royal family in Egypt by marriage.

He married his daughter – Cleopatra to Ptolemy (V) Epiphanes, that she might influence Epiphanes either to remain neutral, or to declare against the Romans, his protectors.

 v18

After this shall he turn his face unto the isles, and shall take many: but a prince for his own behalf shall cause the reproach offered by him to cease; without his own reproach he shall cause it to turn upon him.

With peace in Egypt, the king of the north turned his attention to the Mediterranean and took many islands, including Rhodes, Samos and Colophon, and those around Greece.

In 190 he was defeated at Thermopylae by Scipio

The conquests of Antiochus had brought disgrace to Rome, and his victories appeared to insult the majesty of the Roman name. All this was reversed by the victories of Scipio over Antiochus.

Following Thermopylae there occurred successive defeats of Antiochus in several combats by water and land, and in his final and complete overthrow at the battle of Magnesia.

After being several times overcome by the Romans, and vainly suing for peace, "Antiochus lost all presence of mind, and withdrew his garrisons from all the cities on the Hellespont, and, in his precipitate flight, left all his military stores behind him" (Jahn's Hebrew Commonwealth, p.248).

 v19

Then he shall turn his face toward the fort of his own land: but he shall stumble and fall, and not be found.

He died in BC 187, attempting to plunder the temple of Elymais.

 v20

Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes in the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.

King of the north:- Seliucus (II) Philopator (187-175BC)

King of the south:- Ptolemy (VI) Philometor (180-145BC)

With his father defeated in battle the king of the north was hard pressed in raising sufficient taxes to meet the demands of the war indemnity placed on him by the victorious Romans.

He was treacherously poisoned by one he trusted: Heliodorus, his minister, who attempted to usurp the crown.

 The Power of Antiochus Epiphanes, King of the North

 v21

And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.

King of the north:- Antiochus (IV) Epiphanes (175-163BC)

The usurper Heliodorus had supporters, but lacked the confidence of the people, and Rome released Antiocus – who had been held as a hostage for the war indemnity payments. He gained support from the king of Pergamos, and moved into Syria at the head of a powerful army. No one seemed to suspect his aim, or to doubt that his desire was to remove the usurper and place his nephew on the throne. Instead, by such "peaceable" means, he worked to destroy his enemy.

By his fondness for practical jokes, his proneness for roaming the streets of the capital by night incognito, his capricious fits of generosity, he became popular, even with Heliodorus' erstwhile supporters. He flattered Eumenes, king of Pergamos and Attalus his brother, and got their assistance.

 v22

And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

King of the south:- Ptolemy (VI) Philometor (180-145BC)

Ptolemy VI, was unable to defend himself against Antiochus IV Epiphanes.

The invasion of Egypt was one of the earliest and most prominent acts of Antiochus. A peace treaty was signed at Memphis, by which Ptolemy VI was allowed to remain as titular king of Egypt, but Antiochus was the real protector. BC 169.

 v23

And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.

Antiochus retained a garrison on Egyptian territory.

By degrees, however, he possessed one town after another, and subdued one place after another, until he finally dominated the throne and had the king entirely in his power

 v24

He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers' fathers; he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.

Antiochus took possession of Memphis and the country as far as Alexandria, the most choice and fertile portions of Egypt – a feat that none of his forbears had been able to achieve.

 v25

And he shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.

Antiochus noticed that the king of the south was preparing to defend itself against him, and ironically was able to field a larger army than his own.

Despite this Ptolemy VI was unable to stand before Antiochus

 v26

Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.

King of the south:- Ptolemy (VIII) Euergetes (169-164BC)

Despite a greater army, the king of the south was unable to stand before the king of the north.

As a result the Alexandrian courtiers turned against Philometor in favour of Ptolemy (VIII) Euergetes. Ptolemy VI was driven out of the kingdom.

 v27

And both these kings' hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.

Both kings meet in order to reach an agreement, (169BC) but they are unable to do so, and as such neither of the plans succeed.

 Antiochus Massacres in Palestine

 v28

Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits, and return to his own land.

Enriched with the spoils of Egypt, Antiochus moved north.

On his way north Josephus records that Antiochus took Jerusalem by storm; slew 40,000 inhabitants; sold as many more for slaves; boiled swine's flesh and sprinkled the temple and altar with the broth; broke into the holy of holies; took away the golden vessels and other sacred treasures, to the value of one thousand eight hundred talents.

 Antiochus Again Invades Egypt

 v29

At the time appointed he shall return , and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter.

The time appointed introduces to us the concept that Almighty God has a set time for the outworking of His plan and purpose. (Number 14:21, Psalm 72:19) Often the movements of the nations are involved in various part of bringing about this wonderful plan and purpose

Antiochus uses the pretext of reinstating Ptolemy VI Philometor to move against Ptolemy VIII. Laying siege to Alexandria, he marched on to Memphis where he reinstalled Ptolemy VI Philometor as king of Egypt.

At the same time the two brothers Physcon (Ptolemy VIII Euergetes) in Alexandria, and Ptolemy VI Philometor in Memphis came to an agreement, forcing Antiuchus to spit his army and move against both Mephis and Alexandria.

As the king of the north moved against Alexandria Physcon & Cleopatra II appealed to Rome for help.

 Conflict with the Jewish Maccabees

 v30

For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.

King of the south:-  Ptolemy VI Philometor (reinstated – dies in 145BC)

Chittim is mentioned in Num. 24:24 where reference is made to "the coast of Chittim," thus emphasising its maritime prowess. Chittim was one of the sons of Javan (Kittim, Gen. 10:4) whose posterity, according to Josephus, settled in Cilicia, Macedonia, Cyprus and Italy. Other references mention the "land" (Isa. 23:1), "isles" (Jer. 2:10), as well as the "ships" and "coast".

The ships were carrying a valuable cargo: the Roman envoy, Laenus! In the days of the Maccabees it was generally used for Macedonia, and Rome enlisted Grecian ships to transport of it envoy in the action taken against Antiochus.

In Alexandria, Antiochus was forced to submit to the wishes of the Roman Senate, delivered by Laenus, and reluctantly relinquished his former enterprise in Egypt.

Antiochus now began a systematic attempt to destroy Judaism. He took opportunity to attack Jerusalem, despatching an army of twenty-two thousand men under the command of his general, Apollonius. They plundered the city, pulled down the houses round about it, slew most of the people, and built a castle on an eminence that overlooked the temple. They polluted every place of worship, so that the temple service was completely abandoned, and all the people fled from the city.

Antiochus conferred with the apostate high priest, Menelaus, and the Jews united with him, and they betrayed their fellows to Antiochus.

 v31

And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate .

The word "arms" is a symbol of physical power, which was mercilessly and ruthlessly exacted by Antiochus. He appointed Athenaeus, an elderly man well-versed in all the ceremonies of Grecian idolatry, to carry his edict into effect throughout Judea and Samaria. Everywhere officers were commissioned to force the people to sacrifice to idols on the king's birthday. The Jews were forced to eat swine's flesh and other unclean animals that were sacrificed.

In June BC 167 the Mosaic sacrifices were forbidden by Athenaeus when he exerted his will upon the Jews in Jerusalem. They were re-instituted later (v. 33), until, under the Roman domination, they finally ceased.

Athenaeus was sent to Jerusalem to instruct the Jews in the Greek religion, and compel them to an observance of its rites. He dedicated the Temple to Jupiter Olympius, and on the altar he placed a smaller altar, to be used in sacrificing to the heathen god.

 v32

And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.

Men like Alcinus, the high priest after Menelaus, transgressed the sacred covenant, and were corrupted by the flatteries of Epiphanes. He used them to gain over the people to his views. The "flatteries" were promises of favor, of promotion to high office, and of national prosperity.

However there were those who refused the flattery of Antiochus, and adhered to the service and worship of Yahweh. This introduces the Maccabean family, a group known as the Hasidim, who were extremely zealous for the Law, and whom Mattathias and his sons led, as outlined in 1 Mace. 2:1-5,

 v33

And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.

At the commencement of the revolt the movement was passive, as the faithful endeavored to strengthen themselves in the Law.

The opposition of the Maccabean’s was not altogether successful and many people had to flee into the mountains. However, refusing to fight on the Sabbath many of them were slain by the king of the north’s troops.

 v34

Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.

The Maccabean’s achieved some success,  Judas Maccabeaus defeated and killed Apollonius, and decimated his troops. With 3,000 he defeated Apollonius with 47,000 at Beth-horon; with 20,000 men at Emmaus he routed the army of the successor, Lysias, destroying 65,000 of the enemy; and occupied Jerusalem in BC 164.

When Judas began to be successful, many joined him, hoping, by a limited amount of treachery against Judas, to secure safety if the Syrians ultimately prevailed, while, at the same time, their presence with the Maccabees would save them from the vengeance of their own countrymen if Judas were victorious and the Syrian yoke thrown off.

 v35

And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

The evidence of seeming defeat and the death of renowned warriors might be used as justification to turn from the struggle of right.

COMMENT ON DATES IN PROPHECY

Being specific about the timings of events in history is always challenging and so the following comments are presented as a possible explanation of this verse.

This verse brings us down to the end of 430 years from the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem by the Chaldeans (Ezek. 4:1- 8). There is here a break in the prophecy. Nothing more is said about Israel and the king of the North, until the prediction is resumed in the fortieth verse, which may be regarded as continuous with verse thirty-five ... With the exception of the "little help" derived from the victories of the Maccabees, the history of Israel has been a series of calamities to this day.

"Ezekiel records how he was instructed to lie first on his left side for 390 days, and then on his right side for a further 40 days, a total of 430 days, as a 'sign to the house of Israel (and) Judah, for I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity. Even thus shall the children of Israel eat their defiled bread among the Gentiles whither I will drive them'." There are then two possible applications of this sign. The first: dated from the foundation of Solomon's Temple, BC 1022, until the destruction of the Temple in BC 592 (a period of 430 years). In a second application it applied from the sacking of Jerusalem BC 592, until BC 162, when events allowed Judas Maccabeus to take control of Jerusalem in BC 161, a further period of 430 years.

 The Character of the King of the North

 v36

And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvelous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.

The angel Gabriel had earlier spoken of "a king of fierce countenance" (Daniel 8:23), and now he shows how this power would manifest both religious and political influence on the scene. This power is described as a "little horn" (Daniel 8:9), which came out of the Grecian he-goat, to "wax exceeding great, toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the pleasant land."

During the third and second centuries BC the Romans made themselves masters of the Mediterranean world. In a series of dramatic battles, Rome secured victory over Sicily, Spain, Carthage; and finally, the Macedonian kingdoms fell. The emperors of Rome were worshipped by the populous.

The fact that this King would speak marvelous things against the God of gods introduces a religious aspect that hasn’t been seen before in the prophecy.  The Pagan Roman Empire was constantly in opposition to the early Christian movement, and even when Pagan Rome “converted” to Christianity in 312 AD there continued persecutions against the believers and proclaimed doctrines that cannot be supported from the Holy Scriptures.  

This indignation will be allowed to prosper until a set time – set according to the will of Almighty God.

 v37

Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

Constantine's fathers were pagan, but he embraced Christianity to further his political ambitions. The doctrines espoused by Constantine, and subsequently developed within the Catholic Church, renounced paganism (though its system was incorporated in a modified form into the Catholic teachings). The popes of the Church established themselves as infallible, and as the "vicars of God" — thus in honouring them, these emperors of Constantinople "respected a new god."

The doctrine of the papacy includes the celibacy of the priesthood, and the institution of a celibate order of nuns. This attitude has its basis in paganism, for Hislop records: "Strange as it may seem, yet the voice of antiquity assigns to the abandoned queen (Semiramus) the invention of clerical celibacy, and that in its most stringent forms" (The Two Baby Ions, p. 219).

No power would prevent the execution of the king's will. Popery became political, and religion was made companion to power, as the popes exercised absolute domination over their subjects.

 v38

But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

This honouring of the God of forces refers to the foundation of the king's power; the jurisdiction of his influence. The word forces indicates “guardians”, referring to the idolatry embraced as the guardians of the church.

The influence of Rome has extended worldwide in all spheres of society. The wealth-policy of Catholicism was cultivated by the emperors in Constantinople and Justinian bestowed great riches upon the churches.

 v39

Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

The most strong holds are the places of his power.  Ultimately power was vested in the Vatican, so that both temporal and religious control was exercised. Thus, from Constantinople arose a vocal power which claimed control over the "bodies and souls of men" (Rev. 18:13) with the land being divided with each priest and bishop being given jurisdiction over a "diocese," a territory, or district.

 Supremacy of the King of the North

 v40

And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind , with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over .

This “time of the end” refers to the same time as in Dan. 7:26, indicating the termination of the events outlined. Almighty God has carefully set out certain "ages" (Heb. 11:3) according to His purpose. Everything that has occurred since the days of Daniel, has pointed to this end period (Dan. 8:19). This "time" includes the return of Christ (Dan 12:1), international trouble (Dan 12:1), personal judgment (Dan 11:35), resurrection and deliverance (Dan 12:2), and complete explanation of the Divine secret (Dan 12:4,6,9).

The King of the South: - This power was last heard of in verse 29,when the force of the Ptolemy’s in Egypt was overthrown by Antiochus (Dan. 11:26). Since then, the king of the south (the power in occupation of Egypt) disappeared from prophecy to allow events in Palestine and Europe to take precedence. Now, however, the scene returns to Egypt. This time, Britain was to become the king of the south, and in 1882 circumstances forced Britain to intervene in Egyptian affairs.

The remaining section of this prophecy brings us right into the days of the movements of Russia that we are reading about in the newspapers and witnessing in the media.

These are important and exciting days for this prophecy and these last verses will be the basis of our series of seminars this month. Please contact us for dates, times and locations.

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